The Carlyle Group
Carlyle Group L.P. (Form: 10-Q, Received: 11/03/2016 16:28:27)
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
FORM 10-Q
 
 
(Mark One)
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2016
OR
 
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                      TO                     
Commission File Number: 001-35538
 
 
 
The Carlyle Group L.P.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
 
 
Delaware
 
45-2832612
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
1001 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, D.C., 20004-2505
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

(202) 729-5626
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Not Applicable
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   ý     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes   ý     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
 
ý
  
Accelerated filer
 
¨
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   ¨     No   ý
The number of the Registrant’s common units representing limited partner interests outstanding as of October 28, 2016 was 84,578,736.
 



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – September 30, 2016 and 2015:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 
 


1


Forward-Looking Statements
This report may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These statements include, but are not limited to, statements related to our expectations regarding the performance of our business, our financial results, our liquidity and capital resources, contingencies and other non-historical statements, which reflect our current views with respect to, among other things, our operations and financial performance. You can identify these forward-looking statements by the use of words such as “outlook,” “believe,” “expect,” “potential,” “continue,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “seek,” “approximately,” “predict,” “intend,” “plan,” “estimate,” “anticipate” or the negative version of these words or other comparable words. Such forward-looking statements are subject to various risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Accordingly, there are or will be important factors that could cause actual outcomes or results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements including, but not limited to, those described in the section entitled “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") on February 24, 2016, as updated from time to time by our periodic filings with the SEC, which are accessible on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. These factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the other cautionary statements that are included in this report and in our other periodic filings with the SEC. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or review any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise, except as required by applicable law.
Website and Social Media Disclosure
We use our website (www.carlyle.com), our corporate Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/The-Carlyle-Group-103519702981/) and our corporate Twitter account (@OneCarlyle) as channels of distribution of material company information. For example, financial and other material information regarding our company is routinely posted on and accessible at www.carlyle.com. Accordingly, investors should monitor these channels, in addition to following our press releases, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts. In addition, you may automatically receive email alerts and other information about Carlyle when you enroll your email address by visiting the “Email Alert Subscription” section at https://ir.carlyle.com/alerts.cfm?. The contents of our website and social media channels are not, however, a part of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and are not incorporated by reference herein.
 
 
Unless the context suggests otherwise, references in this report to “Carlyle,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to The Carlyle Group L.P. and its consolidated subsidiaries. When we refer to the “partners of The Carlyle Group L.P.,” we are referring specifically to the common unitholders and our general partner and any others who may from time to time be partners of that specific Delaware limited partnership. When we refer to our “senior Carlyle professionals,” we are referring to the partner-level personnel of our firm. References in this report to the ownership of the senior Carlyle professionals include the ownership of personal planning vehicles of these individuals.
“Carlyle funds,” “our funds” and “our investment funds” refer to the investment funds and vehicles advised by Carlyle. Our “carry funds” refer to (i) those investment funds that we advise, including the buyout funds, growth capital funds, real estate funds, infrastructure funds, certain energy funds and opportunistic credit, distressed debt and mezzanine funds (but excluding our structured credit funds, hedge funds, business development companies, mutual fund, and fund of funds vehicles), where we receive a special residual allocation of income, which we refer to as a carried interest, in the event that specified investment returns are achieved by the fund and (ii) those investment funds advised by NGP Energy Capital Management (together with its affiliates and subsidiaries, “NGP”) from which we are entitled to receive a carried interest. The “NGP management fee funds” refer to those funds advised by NGP from which we only receive an allocation of income based on the funds’ management fees. Our “fund of funds vehicles” refers to those funds, accounts and vehicles advised by AlpInvest Partners B.V. (“AlpInvest”), Metropolitan Real Estate Equity Management, LLC (“Metropolitan”), and Diversified Global Asset Management (“DGAM”). For an explanation of the fund acronyms used throughout this Quarterly Report, refer to “Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Our Family of Funds.”
“Fee-earning assets under management” or “Fee-earning AUM” refer to the assets we manage or advise from which we derive recurring fund management fees. Our Fee-earning AUM generally equals the sum of:
 
(a)
for substantially all carry funds and certain co-investment vehicles where the original investment period has not expired, and for Metropolitan fund of funds vehicles during the weighted-average investment period of the underlying funds, the amount of limited partner capital commitments, and for AlpInvest fund of funds vehicles, the amount of external investor capital commitments during the commitment fee period, and for the NGP management fee funds and certain carry funds advised by NGP, the amount of investor capital commitments before the first investment realization ;

2



(b)
for substantially all carry funds and certain co-investment vehicles where the original investment period has expired and for Metropolitan fund of funds vehicles after the expiration of the weighted-average investment period of the underlying funds, the remaining amount of limited partner invested capital at cost, and for the NGP management fee funds and certain carry funds advised by NGP where the first investment has been realized, the amount of partner commitments less realized and written-off investments ;

(c)
the amount of aggregate fee-earning collateral balance at par of our collateralized loan obligations (“CLOs”), as defined in the fund indentures (typically exclusive of equities and defaulted positions) as of the quarterly cut-off date for each CLO, and the aggregate principal amount of the notes of our other structured products ;

(d)
the net asset value of our mutual fund and the external investor portion of the net asset value (pre-redemptions and subscriptions) of our long/short credit funds, emerging markets, multi-product macroeconomic, fund of hedge funds vehicles and other hedge funds ;

(e)
the gross assets (including assets acquired with leverage), excluding cash and cash equivalents of our business development companies and certain carry funds ; and

(f)
for AlpInvest fund of funds vehicles where the commitment fee period has expired, and certain carry funds where the investment period has expired, the lower of cost or fair value of invested capital .
“Assets under management” or “AUM” refers to the assets we manage or advise. Our AUM equals the sum of the following:
 
(a)
the fair value of the capital invested in Carlyle carry funds, co-investment vehicles, NGP management fee funds and fund of funds vehicles plus the capital that Carlyle is entitled to call from investors in those funds and vehicles (including Carlyle commitments to those funds and vehicles and those of senior Carlyle professionals and employees) pursuant to the terms of their capital commitments to those funds and vehicles ;

(b)
the amount of aggregate collateral balance and principal cash at par or aggregate principal amount of the notes of our CLOs and other structured products (inclusive of all positions) ;

(c)
the net asset value (pre-redemptions and subscriptions) of our long/short credit, emerging markets, multi-product macroeconomic, fund of hedge funds vehicles, mutual fund and other hedge funds ; and

(d)
the gross assets (including assets acquired with leverage) of our business development companies .

We include in our calculation of AUM and Fee-earning AUM certain energy and renewable resources funds that we jointly advise with Riverstone Holdings L.L.C. (“Riverstone”) and certain NGP management fee funds and carry funds that are advised by NGP.
For our carry funds, co-investment vehicles, fund of funds vehicles, and NGP management fee funds, total AUM includes the fair value of the capital invested, whereas Fee-earning AUM includes the amount of capital commitments or the remaining amount of invested capital, depending on whether the original investment period for the fund has expired. As such, Fee-earning AUM may be greater than total AUM when the aggregate fair value of the remaining investments is less than the cost of those investments.
Our calculations of AUM and Fee-earning AUM may differ from the calculations of other alternative asset managers. As a result, these measures may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other alternative asset managers. In addition, our calculation of AUM (but not Fee-earning AUM) includes uncalled commitments to, and the fair value of invested capital in, our investment funds from Carlyle and our personnel, regardless of whether such commitments or invested capital are subject to management or performance fees. Our calculations of AUM or Fee-earning AUM are not based on any definition of AUM or Fee-earning AUM that is set forth in the agreements governing the investment funds that we manage or advise.
With respect to certain of the hedge funds and vehicles that we advise, we are entitled to incentive fees that are paid annually, semi-annually or quarterly, as the case may be, if the net asset value of an investor’s account has increased above the high-water mark. A hedge fund's or vehicle’s “high-water mark” refers to the highest period end net asset value of an investor’s account on which incentive fees were previously paid.

3


PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item1.         Financial Statements
The Carlyle Group L.P.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Dollars in millions)
 
September 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
1,043.3

 
$
991.5

Cash and cash equivalents held at Consolidated Funds
174.1

 
1,612.7

Restricted cash
16.9

 
18.9

Restricted cash and securities of Consolidated Funds

 
18.4

Corporate treasury investments
95.1

 

Accrued performance fees
2,776.6

 
2,988.6

Investments
1,118.5

 
885.9

Investments of Consolidated Funds
3,390.9

 
23,998.8

Due from affiliates and other receivables, net
203.3

 
195.3

Due from affiliates and other receivables of Consolidated Funds, net
36.9

 
765.3

Receivables and inventory of a consolidated real estate VIE
131.6

 
143.6

Fixed assets, net
101.5

 
110.9

Deposits and other
39.9

 
49.0

Other assets of a consolidated real estate VIE
41.3

 
47.6

Intangible assets, net
106.6

 
135.7

Deferred tax assets
227.1

 
219.4

Total assets
$
9,503.6

 
$
32,181.6

Liabilities and partners’ capital
 
 
 
Debt obligations
$
1,277.2

 
$
1,135.7

Loans payable of Consolidated Funds
3,272.0

 
17,064.7

Loans payable of a consolidated real estate VIE at fair value (principal amount of $148.2 million and $125.6 million as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively)
88.9

 
75.4

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
396.4

 
463.8

Accrued compensation and benefits
1,857.5

 
1,953.2

Due to affiliates
222.8

 
245.9

Deferred revenue
199.6

 
40.9

Deferred tax liabilities
88.0

 
103.5

Other liabilities of Consolidated Funds
200.3

 
1,838.6

Other liabilities of a consolidated real estate VIE
98.3

 
84.4

Accrued giveback obligations
224.4

 
252.0

Total liabilities
7,925.4

 
23,258.1

Commitments and contingencies

 

Redeemable non-controlling interests in consolidated entities
6.2

 
2,845.9

Partners’ capital (common units 84,578,736 and 80,408,702 issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively)
438.7

 
485.9

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(86.0
)
 
(90.1
)
Partners’ capital appropriated for Consolidated Funds

 
120.8

Non-controlling interests in consolidated entities
201.2

 
4,493.8

Non-controlling interests in Carlyle Holdings
1,018.1

 
1,067.2

Total partners’ capital
1,572.0

 
6,077.6

Total liabilities and partners’ capital
$
9,503.6

 
$
32,181.6

See accompanying notes.

4


The Carlyle Group L.P.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions, except unit and per unit data)
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fund management fees
$
255.1

 
$
278.3

 
$
817.1

 
$
830.1

Performance fees
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Realized
383.4

 
329.2

 
905.1

 
1,251.0

Unrealized
(168.7
)
 
(575.8
)
 
(334.3
)
 
(629.7
)
Total performance fees
214.7

 
(246.6
)
 
570.8

 
621.3

Investment income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Realized
40.7

 
12.5

 
92.2

 
24.2

Unrealized
29.8

 
(22.0
)
 
34.0

 
(17.7
)
Total investment income (loss)
70.5

 
(9.5
)
 
126.2

 
6.5

Interest and other income
5.3

 
5.0

 
15.0

 
15.9

Interest and other income of Consolidated Funds
43.0

 
259.4

 
107.8

 
742.7

Revenue of a consolidated real estate VIE
18.7

 
10.9

 
61.5

 
73.9

Total revenues
607.3

 
297.5

 
1,698.4

 
2,290.4

Expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Compensation and benefits
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Base compensation
154.3

 
163.5

 
470.5

 
472.2

Equity-based compensation
81.4

 
86.8

 
265.8

 
291.0

Performance fee related
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Realized
189.0

 
155.2

 
423.0

 
561.7

Unrealized
(78.1
)
 
(228.1
)
 
(146.1
)
 
(146.2
)
Total compensation and benefits
346.6

 
177.4

 
1,013.2

 
1,178.7

General, administrative and other expenses
188.9

 
289.6

 
362.6

 
539.2

Interest
15.6

 
14.5

 
46.3

 
43.6

Interest and other expenses of Consolidated Funds
32.3

 
296.9

 
87.3

 
791.7

Interest and other expenses of a consolidated real estate VIE
82.1

 
26.8

 
157.9

 
124.4

Other non-operating expenses (income)
(3.7
)
 
(9.9
)
 
0.8

 
(11.7
)
Total expenses
661.8

 
795.3

 
1,668.1

 
2,665.9

Other income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net investment gains (losses) of Consolidated Funds
4.8

 
(31.3
)
 
3.1

 
935.8

Income (Loss) before provision for income taxes
(49.7
)
 
(529.1
)
 
33.4

 
560.3

Provision (benefit) for income taxes
1.0

 
(4.1
)
 
32.7

 
12.4

Net income (loss)
(50.7
)
 
(525.0
)
 
0.7

 
547.9

Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests in consolidated entities
(29.1
)
 
(152.4
)
 
(29.8
)
 
657.5

Net income (loss) attributable to Carlyle Holdings
(21.6
)
 
(372.6
)
 
30.5

 
(109.6
)
Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests in Carlyle Holdings
(22.4
)
 
(288.7
)
 
15.2

 
(95.8
)
Net income (loss) attributable to The Carlyle Group L.P.
$
0.8

 
$
(83.9
)
 
$
15.3

 
$
(13.8
)
Net income (loss) attributable to The Carlyle Group L.P. per common unit (see Note 14)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.01

 
$
(1.05
)
 
$
0.19

 
$
(0.19
)
Diluted
$
(0.02
)
 
$
(1.11
)
 
$
0.08

 
$
(0.28
)
Weighted-average common units
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
83,602,503

 
78,849,332

 
82,062,633

 
72,812,892

Diluted
312,534,968

 
301,558,908

 
306,981,103

 
299,143,320

Distributions declared per common unit
$
0.63

 
$
0.89

 
$
1.18

 
$
2.83

Substantially all revenue is earned from affiliates of the Partnership. See accompanying notes.

5


The Carlyle Group L.P.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Net income (loss)
$
(50.7
)
 
$
(525.0
)
 
$
0.7

 
$
547.9

Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
5.9

 
156.8

 
(11.3
)
 
(734.8
)
Cash flow hedges
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reclassification adjustment for loss included in interest expense
0.6

 
0.7

 
1.8

 
1.7

Defined benefit plans
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain (loss) for the period
0.4

 
(0.9
)
 
0.9

 
0.1

Less: reclassification adjustment for loss during the period, included in base compensation expense
0.1

 

 
0.1

 
0.2

Other comprehensive income (loss)
7.0

 
156.6

 
(8.5
)
 
(732.8
)
Comprehensive income (loss)
(43.7
)
 
(368.4
)
 
(7.8
)
 
(184.9
)
Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to partners’ capital appropriated for Consolidated Funds

 
(35.3
)
 

 
26.5

Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests in consolidated entities
46.2

 
(104.5
)
 
71.0

 
(263.5
)
Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to redeemable non-controlling interests in consolidated entities
(0.2
)
 
128.7

 
(0.1
)
 
214.5

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Carlyle Holdings
2.3

 
(379.5
)
 
63.1

 
(207.4
)
Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests in Carlyle Holdings
4.7

 
293.9

 
(39.2
)
 
175.5

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to The Carlyle Group L.P.
$
7.0

 
$
(85.6
)
 
$
23.9

 
$
(31.9
)
See accompanying notes.


6

The Carlyle Group L.P.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions)


 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
Cash flows from operating activities
 
 
 
Net income
$
0.7

 
$
547.9

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
52.6

 
281.7

Equity-based compensation
265.8

 
291.0

Excess tax benefits related to equity-based compensation

 
(1.4
)
Non-cash performance fees
108.0

 
601.0

Other non-cash amounts
(19.2
)
 
41.8

Consolidated Funds related:
 
 
 
Realized/unrealized gain on investments of Consolidated Funds
(45.0
)
 
(770.6
)
Realized/unrealized (gain) loss from loans payable of Consolidated Funds
43.8

 
(197.0
)
Purchases of investments by Consolidated Funds
(1,707.8
)
 
(7,577.3
)
Proceeds from sale and settlements of investments by Consolidated Funds
873.9

 
9,359.9

Non-cash interest income, net
(3.6
)
 
(3.0
)
Change in cash and cash equivalents held at Consolidated Funds
622.5

 
1,670.3

Change in other receivables held at Consolidated Funds
(4.8
)
 
5.4

Change in other liabilities held at Consolidated Funds
(178.9
)
 
(223.0
)
Investment (income) loss
(124.2
)
 
2.7

Purchases of investments
(218.6
)
 
(51.5
)
Proceeds from the sale of investments and trading securities
219.7

 
371.4

Payments of contingent consideration
(82.6
)
 
(17.8
)
Changes in deferred taxes, net
3.7

 
(12.0
)
Change in due from affiliates and other receivables
2.8

 
(3.4
)
Change in receivables and inventory of a consolidated real estate VIE
45.1

 
(49.5
)
Change in deposits and other
5.0

 
(9.3
)
Change in other assets of a consolidated real estate VIE
33.1

 
(10.5
)
Change in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
71.8

 
(0.1
)
Change in accrued compensation and benefits
32.4

 
(212.8
)
Change in due to affiliates
(22.4
)
 
253.5

Change in other liabilities of a consolidated real estate VIE
(1.2
)
 
43.9

Change in deferred revenue
154.9

 
111.4

Net cash provided by operating activities
127.5

 
4,442.7

Cash flows from investing activities
 
 
 
Change in restricted cash
1.8

 
(217.9
)
Purchases of fixed assets, net
(13.3
)
 
(49.8
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(11.5
)
 
(267.7
)
Cash flows from financing activities
 
 
 
Proceeds from debt obligations
20.6

 

Net payments on loans payable of a consolidated real estate VIE
(27.3
)
 
(53.1
)
Net borrowings (payments) on loans payable of Consolidated Funds
339.7

 
(40.0
)
Payments of contingent consideration
(3.3
)
 
(8.0
)
Excess tax benefits related to equity-based compensation

 
1.4

Distributions to common unitholders
(98.5
)
 
(206.0
)
Distributions to non-controlling interest holders in Carlyle Holdings
(300.9
)
 
(702.4
)
Net proceeds from issuance of common units, net of offering costs

 
209.9

Acquisition of non-controlling interests in Carlyle Holdings

 
(209.9
)
Contributions from non-controlling interest holders
75.3

 
1,629.9

Distributions to non-controlling interest holders
(87.3
)
 
(4,325.2
)
Units repurchased
(53.6
)
 

Change in due to/from affiliates financing activities
62.0

 
4.4

Change in due to/from affiliates and other receivables of Consolidated Funds

 
(341.1
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(73.3
)
 
(4,040.1
)
Effect of foreign exchange rate changes
9.1

 
(69.4
)
Increase in cash and cash equivalents
51.8

 
65.5

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
991.5

 
1,242.0

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
1,043.3

 
$
1,307.5

Supplemental non-cash disclosures
 
 
 
Net increase in partners’ capital and accumulated other comprehensive income related to reallocation of ownership interest in Carlyle Holdings
$
12.4

 
$
25.4

Initial consolidation of Consolidated Funds
$

 
$
36.0

Net asset impact of deconsolidation of Consolidated Funds
$
(7,170.2
)
 
$
(36.0
)
Tax effect from acquisition of Carlyle Holdings partnership units:
 
 
 
Deferred tax asset
$
2.5

 
$
57.9

Deferred tax liability
$

 
$
2.6

Tax receivable agreement liability
$
2.2

 
$
49.8

Total partners’ capital
$
0.3

 
$
5.5

See accompanying notes.


7

The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


 
1. Organization and Basis of Presentation
The Carlyle Group L.P., together with its consolidated subsidiaries (the “Partnership” or “Carlyle”), is one of the world’s largest global alternative asset management firms that originates, structures and acts as lead equity investor in management-led buyouts, strategic minority equity investments, equity private placements, consolidations and buildups, growth capital financings, real estate opportunities, bank loans, high-yield debt, distressed assets, mezzanine debt and other investment opportunities. The Partnership is a Delaware limited partnership formed on July 18, 2011. The Partnership is managed and operated by its general partner, Carlyle Group Management L.L.C., which is in turn wholly-owned and controlled by Carlyle’s founders and other senior Carlyle professionals.
Carlyle provides investment management services to, and has transactions with, various private equity funds, real estate funds, business development companies, collateralized loan obligations (“CLOs”), hedge funds and other investment products sponsored by the Partnership for the investment of client assets in the normal course of business. Carlyle typically serves as the general partner, investment manager or collateral manager, making day-to-day investment decisions concerning the assets of these products. Carlyle operates its business through four reportable segments: Corporate Private Equity, Global Market Strategies, Real Assets and Investment Solutions (see Note 17).
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying financial statements include the accounts of the Partnership and its consolidated subsidiaries. In addition, certain Carlyle-affiliated funds, related co-investment entities, certain CLOs managed by the Partnership (collectively the “Consolidated Funds”) and a real estate development company (see Note 16) have been consolidated in the accompanying financial statements pursuant to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”), as described in Note 2. The consolidation of the Consolidated Funds generally has a gross-up effect on assets, liabilities and cash flows, and has no effect on the net income attributable to the Partnership. The economic ownership interests of the other investors in the Consolidated Funds are reflected as non-controlling interests in consolidated entities, partners’ capital appropriated for Consolidated Funds and redeemable non-controlling interests in consolidated entities in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements (see Note 2).
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP for interim financial information. These statements, including notes, have not been audited, exclude some of the disclosures required for annual financial statements, and should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements included in the Partnership’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The operating results presented for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the entire year. In the opinion of management, the condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, which are necessary for the fair presentation of the financial condition and results of operations for the interim periods presented.
Unit Repurchase Program
In February 2016, the Board of Directors of the general partner of the Partnership authorized the repurchase of up to $ 200 million of common units and/or Carlyle Holdings units. Under this unit repurchase program, units may be repurchased from time to time in open market transactions, in privately negotiated transactions or otherwise. The Partnership expects that the majority of repurchases under this program will be done via open market transactions. No units will be repurchased from the Partnership's executive officers under this program. The timing and actual number of common units and/or Carlyle Holdings units repurchased will depend on a variety of factors, including legal requirements, price, and economic and market conditions. This unit repurchase program may be suspended or discontinued at any time and does not have a specified expiration date. During the nine months ended September 30, 2016 , the Partnership paid an aggregate of $53.6 million to repurchase and retire 3,339,300 units with the majority of repurchases done via open market transactions.

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The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Principles of Consolidation
The Partnership consolidates all entities that it controls either through a majority voting interest or as the primary beneficiary of variable interest entities (“VIEs”). On January 1, 2016, the Partnership adopted ASU 2015-2, Consolidation (Topic 810): Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis, which provides a revised consolidation model for all reporting entities to use in evaluating whether to consolidate certain types of legal entities. As a result, the Partnership deconsolidated the majority of the Partnership's consolidated funds on January 1, 2016. Upon adoption, the Partnership deconsolidated approximately $ 23.2 billion in assets and approximately $ 16.1 billion in liabilities, and, using the modified retrospective method, recorded a $ 4.3 billion cumulative effect adjustment to partners' capital and $2.8 billion to redeemable non-controlling interests in consolidated entities. The adoption of the new consolidation guidance had no impact on net income (loss) attributable to Carlyle Holdings or to net income (loss) attributable to the Partnership. Prior period results were not restated upon adoption.
The Partnership evaluates (1) whether it holds a variable interest in an entity, (2) whether the entity is a VIE, and (3)whether the Partnership's involvement would make it the primary beneficiary. In evaluating whether the Partnership holds a variable interest, fees (including management fees and performance fees) that are customary and commensurate with the level of services provided, and where the Partnership does not hold other economic interests in the entity that would absorb more than an insignificant amount of the expected losses or returns of the entity, are not considered variable interests. The Partnership considers all economic interests, including indirect interests, to determine if a fee is considered a variable interest. For the funds the Partnership deconsolidated on January 1, 2016, the Partnership's fee arrangements were not considered to be variable interests.
For those entities where the Partnership holds a variable interest, the Partnership determines whether each of these entities qualifies as a VIE and, if so, whether or not the Partnership is the primary beneficiary. The assessment of whether the entity is a VIE is generally performed qualitatively, which requires judgment. These judgments include: (a) determining whether the equity investment at risk is sufficient to permit the entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support, (b) evaluating whether the equity holders, as a group, can make decisions that have a significant effect on the economic performance of the entity, (c) determining whether two or more parties' equity interests should be aggregated, and (d) determining whether the equity investors have proportionate voting rights to their obligations to absorb losses or rights to receive returns from an entity.
For entities that are determined to be VIEs, the Partnership consolidates those entities where it has concluded it is the primary beneficiary. The primary beneficiary is defined as the variable interest holder with (a) the power to direct the activities of a VIE that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance and (b) the obligation to absorb losses of the entity or the right to receive benefits from the entity that could potentially be significant to the VIE. In evaluating whether the Partnership is the primary beneficiary, the Partnership evaluates its economic interests in the entity held either directly or indirectly by the Partnership.
As of September 30, 2016 , assets and liabilities of the remaining consolidated VIEs reflected in the condensed consolidated balance sheets were $3.9 billion and $3.7 billion , respectively. Except to the extent of the consolidated assets of the VIEs, the holders of the consolidated VIEs’ liabilities generally do not have recourse to the Partnership.
Substantially all of our Consolidated Funds are CLOs, which are VIEs that issue loans payable that are backed by diversified collateral asset portfolios consisting primarily of loans or structured debt. In exchange for managing the collateral for the CLOs, the Partnership earns investment management fees, including in some cases subordinated management fees and contingent incentive fees. In cases where the Partnership consolidates the CLOs (primarily because of a retained interest that is significant to the CLO), those management fees have been eliminated as intercompany transactions. As of September 30, 2016 , the Partnership held $122.4 million of investments in these CLOs which represents its maximum risk of loss. The Partnership’s investments in these CLOs are generally subordinated to other interests in the entities and entitle the Partnership to receive a pro rata portion of the residual cash flows, if any, from the entities. Investors in the CLOs have no recourse against the Partnership for any losses sustained in the CLO structure.
Entities that do not qualify as VIEs are generally assessed for consolidation as voting interest entities. Under the voting interest entity model, the Partnership consolidates those entities it controls through a majority voting interest.

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The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


All significant inter-entity transactions and balances of entities consolidated have been eliminated.

Investments in Unconsolidated Variable Interest Entities

The Partnership holds variable interests in certain VIEs that are not consolidated because the Partnership is not the primary beneficiary, including its investments in certain CLOs and strategic investment in NGP Management Company, L.L.C. (“NGP Management” and, together with its affiliates, “NGP”). Refer to Note 5 for information on the strategic investment in NGP. The Partnership’s involvement with such entities is in the form of direct equity interests and fee arrangements. The maximum exposure to loss represents the loss of assets recognized by the Partnership relating to its variable interests in these unconsolidated entities. The assets recognized in the Partnership’s condensed consolidated balance sheets related to the Partnership’s variable interests in these non-consolidated VIEs and the Partnership’s maximum exposure to loss relating to unconsolidated VIEs were as follows:
 
 
As of
 
September 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
(Dollars in millions)
Investments
$
693.4

 
$
466.8

Due from affiliates, net
4.1

 
19.4

Maximum Exposure to Loss
$
697.5

 
$
486.2

Additionally, as of September 30, 2016 , the Partnership had $30.9 million and $10.1 million recognized in the condensed consolidated balance sheet related to performance fee and management fee arrangements, respectively, related to the unconsolidated VIEs.
Basis of Accounting
The accompanying financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Management has determined that the Partnership’s Funds are investment companies under U.S. GAAP for the purposes of financial reporting. U.S. GAAP for an investment company requires investments to be recorded at estimated fair value and the unrealized gains and/or losses in an investment’s fair value are recognized on a current basis in the statements of operations. Additionally, the Funds do not consolidate their majority-owned and controlled investments (the “Portfolio Companies”). In the preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements, the Partnership has retained the specialized accounting for the Funds.
All of the investments held and notes issued by the Consolidated Funds are presented at their estimated fair values in the Partnership’s condensed consolidated balance sheets. Interest and other income of the Consolidated Funds as well as interest expense and other expenses of the Consolidated Funds are included in the Partnership’s condensed consolidated statements of operations. Prior to January 1, 2016, the excess of the CLO assets over the CLO liabilities upon consolidation was reflected in the Partnership’s condensed consolidated balance sheets as partners’ capital appropriated for Consolidated Funds. Net income attributable to the investors in the CLOs was included in net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests in consolidated entities in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and partners’ capital appropriated for Consolidated Funds in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
On January 1, 2016, the Partnership adopted ASU 2014-13, Consolidation (Topic 810): Measuring the Financial Assets and the Financial Liabilities of a Consolidated Collateralized Financing Entity. ASU 2014-13 relates to reporting entities that elect to measure all eligible financial assets and financial liabilities of a consolidated collateralized financing entity at fair value. The Partnership's consolidated CLOs are consolidated collateralized financing entities for which the Partnership has measured financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value. ASU 2014-13 provides the option for a reporting entity to initially measure both the financial assets and financial liabilities using the fair value of either the financial assets or financial liabilities, whichever is more observable.  In adopting this guidance on January 1, 2016, the Partnership applied the modified retrospective method by recording a cumulative effect adjustment to appropriated partners' capital of $ 2.0 million as of January 1, 2016. As a result of applying this adoption method, prior periods have not been impacted. The adoption of this guidance did not have an impact on net income attributable to Carlyle Holdings or to net income attributable to the Partnership.

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The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make assumptions and estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Management’s estimates are based on historical experiences and other factors, including expectations of future events that management believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. It also requires management to exercise judgment in the process of applying the Partnership’s accounting policies. Assumptions and estimates regarding the valuation of investments and their resulting impact on performance fees involve a higher degree of judgment and complexity and these assumptions and estimates may be significant to the consolidated financial statements and the resulting impact on performance fees. Actual results could differ from these estimates and such differences could be material.

Business Combinations
The Partnership accounts for business combinations using the acquisition method of accounting, under which the purchase price of the acquisition is allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed using the fair values determined by management as of the acquisition date. Contingent consideration obligations that are elements of consideration transferred are recognized as of the acquisition date as part of the fair value transferred in exchange for the acquired business. Acquisition-related costs incurred in connection with a business combination are expensed as incurred.
Revenue Recognition
Fund Management Fees
The Partnership provides management services to funds in which it holds a general partner interest or has a management agreement. For corporate private equity, certain global market strategies funds and real assets funds, management fees are calculated based on (a) limited partners’ capital commitments to the funds, (b) limited partners’ remaining capital invested in the funds at cost or at the lower of cost or aggregate remaining fair value, (c) gross assets, excluding cash and cash equivalents or (d) the net asset value (“NAV”) of certain of the funds, less offsets for the non-affiliated limited partners’ share of transaction advisory and portfolio fees earned, as defined in the respective partnership agreements.
Management fees for corporate private equity, closed-end carry funds in the global market strategies segment and real assets funds generally range from 1% to 2% of commitments during the investment period of the relevant fund. Following the expiration or termination of the investment period of such funds, the management fees generally step-down to between 0.2% and 2.0% generally on the lower of cost or fair value of capital invested; however, certain of the Partnership's managed accounts, as well as longer-dated carry funds, earn management fees at all times on contributions for unrealized investments or the current value of the investment. The Partnership will receive management fees for corporate private equity and real assets funds during a specified period of time, which is generally ten years from the initial closing date, or, in some instances, from the final closing date, but such termination date may be earlier in certain limited circumstances or later if extended for successive one -year periods, typically up to a maximum of two years . Depending upon the contracted terms of investment advisory or investment management and related agreements, these fees are generally called semi-annually in advance and are recognized as earned over the subsequent six month period.
For certain global market strategies funds, management fees are calculated based on assets under management of the funds with generally lower fee rates. Hedge funds typically pay management fees quarterly that generally range from 1.25% to 1.55% of NAV per year. Management fees for the business development companies are due quarterly in arrears at annual rates that range from 0.25% to 1.0% of gross assets, excluding cash and cash equivalents. Management fees for the CLOs and other structured products typically range from 0.15% to 1.0% on the total par amount of assets or the aggregate principal amount of the notes in the CLO and are due quarterly or semi-annually based on the terms and recognized over the respective period. Management fees for the CLOs/structured products are governed by indentures and collateral management agreements. The Partnership will receive management fees for the CLOs until redemption of the securities issued by the CLOs, which is generally five to ten years after issuance. Open-ended funds typically do not have stated termination dates.
Management fees for the Partnership's private equity and real estate fund of funds vehicles generally range from 0.3% to 1.0% on the vehicle’s capital commitments during the commitment fee period of the relevant fund or the weighted-average investment period of the underlying funds. Following the expiration of the commitment fee period or weighted-average investment period of such funds, the management fees generally range from 0.3% to 1.0% on the lower of cost or fair value of the capital invested, the net asset value for unrealized investments, or the contributions for unrealized investments; however,

11

The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


certain managed accounts earn management fees at all times on contributions for unrealized investments. Management fees for the Partnership's Investment Solutions segment are generally due quarterly and recognized over the related quarter.
 
The Partnership also provides transaction advisory and portfolio advisory services to the portfolio companies, and where covered by separate contractual agreements, recognizes fees for these services when the service has been provided and collection is reasonably assured. Fund management fees includes transaction and portfolio advisory fees of $5.2 million and $4.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively, and $37.1 million and $16.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively, net of any offsets as defined in the respective partnership agreements. Fund management fees exclude the reimbursement of any partnership expenses paid by the Partnership on behalf of the Carlyle funds pursuant to the limited partnership agreements, including amounts related to the pursuit of actual, proposed, or unconsummated investments, professional fees, expenses associated with the acquisition, holding and disposition of investments, and other fund administrative expenses.
Performance Fees
Performance fees consist principally of the allocation of profits from certain of the funds to which the Partnership is entitled (commonly known as carried interest). The Partnership is generally entitled to a 20% allocation (or 10% to 20% on certain longer-dated carry funds as well as some external coinvestment vehicles, or approximately 2% to 10% in the case of most of the Partnership's fund of funds vehicles) of the net realized income or gain as a carried interest after returning the invested capital, the allocation of preferred returns of generally 7% to 9% (or 4% to 7% for certain longer-dated carry funds) and return of certain fund costs (generally subject to catch-up provisions as set forth in the fund limited partnership agreement) from its corporate private equity and real assets funds and closed-end carry funds in the global market strategies segment. Carried interest is recognized upon appreciation of the funds’ investment values above certain return hurdles set forth in each respective partnership agreement. The Partnership recognizes revenues attributable to performance fees based upon the amount that would be due pursuant to the fund partnership agreement at each period end as if the funds were terminated at that date. Accordingly, the amount recognized as performance fees reflects the Partnership’s share of the gains and losses of the associated funds’ underlying investments measured at their then-current fair values relative to the fair values as of the end of the prior period. Because of the inherent uncertainty, these estimated values may differ significantly from the values that would have been used had a ready market for the investments existed, and it is reasonably possible that the difference could be material.
Carried interest is ultimately realized when: (i) an underlying investment is profitably disposed of, (ii) certain costs borne by the limited partner investors have been reimbursed, (iii) the fund’s cumulative returns are in excess of the preferred return and (iv) the Partnership has decided to collect carry rather than return additional capital to limited partner investors. Realized carried interest may be required to be returned by the Partnership in future periods if the funds’ investment values decline below certain levels. When the fair value of a fund’s investments remains constant or falls below certain return hurdles, previously recognized performance fees are reversed. In all cases, each fund is considered separately in this regard, and for a given fund, performance fees can never be negative over the life of a fund. If upon a hypothetical liquidation of a fund’s investments at their then-current fair values, previously recognized and distributed carried interest would be required to be returned, a liability is established for the potential giveback obligation. As of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 , the Partnership has recognized $224.4 million and $252.0 million , respectively, for giveback obligations.
In addition to its performance fees from its corporate private equity and real assets funds and closed-end carry funds in the global market strategies segment, the Partnership is also entitled to receive performance fees from certain of its global market strategies funds and investment solutions fund of funds vehicles when the return on assets under management exceeds certain benchmark returns or other performance targets. In such arrangements, performance fees are recognized when the performance benchmark has been achieved, and are included in performance fees in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Investment Income (Loss)
Investment income (loss) represents the unrealized and realized gains and losses resulting from the Partnership’s equity method investments and other principal investments. Equity method investment income (loss) includes the related amortization of the basis difference between the Partnership’s carrying value of its investment and the Partnership’s share of underlying net assets of the investee, as well as the compensation expense associated with compensatory arrangements provided by the Partnership to employees of its equity method investee. Investment income (loss) is realized when the Partnership redeems all

12

The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


or a portion of its investment or when the Partnership receives or is due cash income, such as dividends or distributions. Unrealized investment income (loss) results from changes in the fair value of the underlying investment as well as the reversal of unrealized gain (loss) at the time an investment is realized.

Interest Income
Interest income is recognized when earned. For debt securities representing non-investment grade beneficial interests in securitizations, the effective yield is determined based on the estimated cash flows of the security. Changes in the effective yield of these securities due to changes in estimated cash flows are recognized on a prospective basis as adjustments to interest income in future periods. Interest income earned by the Partnership is included in interest and other income in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations. Interest income of the Consolidated Funds was $40.0 million and $219.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively, and $101.6 million and $654.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively, and is included in interest and other income of Consolidated Funds in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Compensation and Benefits
Base Compensation – Base compensation includes salaries, bonuses (discretionary awards and guaranteed amounts), performance payment arrangements and benefits paid and payable to Carlyle employees. Bonuses are accrued over the service period to which they relate.
Equity-Based Compensation – Compensation expense relating to the issuance of equity-based awards to Carlyle employees is measured at fair value on the grant date. The compensation expense for awards that vest over a future service period is recognized over the relevant service period on a straight-line basis, adjusted for estimated forfeitures of awards that are not expected to vest. The compensation expense for awards that do not require future service is recognized immediately. Upon the end of the service period, compensation expense is adjusted to account for the actual forfeiture rate. Cash settled equity-based awards are classified as liabilities and are re-measured at the end of each reporting period. The compensation expense for awards that contain performance conditions is recognized when it is probable that the performance conditions will be achieved; in certain instances, such compensation expense may be recognized prior to the grant date of the award.
Equity-based awards issued to non-employees are recognized as general, administrative and other expenses. The grant-date fair value of equity-based awards granted to Carlyle’s non-employee directors is expensed on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. The cost of services received in exchange for an equity-based award issued to non-employees who are not directors is measured at each vesting date, and is not measured based on the grant-date fair value of the award unless the award is vested at the grant date. Equity-based awards that require the satisfaction of future service criteria are recognized over the relevant service period, adjusted for estimated forfeitures of awards that are not expected to vest, based on the fair value of the award on each reporting date and adjusted for the actual fair value of the award at each vesting date. Accordingly, the measured value of the award will not be finalized until the vesting date.
Performance Fee Related Compensation – A portion of the performance fees earned is due to employees and advisors of the Partnership. These amounts are accounted for as compensation expense in conjunction with the recognition of the related performance fee revenue and, until paid, are recognized as a component of the accrued compensation and benefits liability. Accordingly, upon a reversal of performance fee revenue, the related compensation expense, if any, is also reversed. As of both September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 , the Partnership had recorded a liability of $1.5 billion related to the portion of accrued performance fees due to employees and advisors, which was included in accrued compensation and benefits in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.
Income Taxes
Certain of the wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Partnership and the Carlyle Holdings partnerships are subject to federal, state, local and foreign corporate income taxes at the entity level and the related tax provision attributable to the Partnership’s share of this income is reflected in the condensed consolidated financial statements. Based on applicable federal, foreign, state and local tax laws, the Partnership records a provision for income taxes for certain entities. Tax positions taken by the Partnership are subject to periodic audit by U.S. federal, state, local and foreign taxing authorities.
 
The Partnership accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method, which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or

13

The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


tax returns. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial statement reporting and the tax basis of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the period in which the difference is expected to reverse. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in the period of the change in the provision for income taxes. Further, deferred tax assets are recognized for the expected realization of available net operating loss and tax credit carry forwards. A valuation allowance is recorded on the Partnership’s gross deferred tax assets when it is “more likely than not” that such asset will not be realized. When evaluating the realizability of the Partnership’s deferred tax assets, all evidence, both positive and negative, is evaluated. Items considered in this analysis include the ability to carry back losses, the reversal of temporary differences, tax planning strategies, and expectations of future earnings.
Under U.S. GAAP for income taxes, the amount of tax benefit to be recognized is the amount of benefit that is “more likely than not” to be sustained upon examination. The Partnership analyzes its tax filing positions in all of the U.S. federal, state, local and foreign tax jurisdictions where it is required to file income tax returns, as well as for all open tax years in these jurisdictions. If, based on this analysis, the Partnership determines that uncertainties in tax positions exist, a liability is established, which is included in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities in the condensed consolidated financial statements. The Partnership recognizes accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax positions in the provision for income taxes. If recognized, the entire amount of unrecognized tax positions would be recorded as a reduction in the provision for income taxes.
Tax Receivable Agreement
Exchanges of Carlyle Holdings partnership units for the Partnership’s common units that are executed by the limited partners of the Carlyle Holdings partnerships result in transfers of and increases in the tax basis of the tangible and intangible assets of Carlyle Holdings, primarily attributable to a portion of the goodwill inherent in the business. These transfers and increases in tax basis will increase (for tax purposes) depreciation and amortization and therefore reduce the amount of tax that certain of the Partnership’s subsidiaries, including Carlyle Holdings I GP Inc., which are referred to as the “corporate taxpayers,” would otherwise be required to pay in the future. This increase in tax basis may also decrease gain (or increase loss) on future dispositions of certain capital assets to the extent tax basis is allocated to those capital assets. The Partnership has entered into a tax receivable agreement with the limited partners of the Carlyle Holdings partnerships whereby the corporate taxpayers have agreed to pay to the limited partners of the Carlyle Holdings partnerships involved in any exchange transaction 85% of the amount of cash tax savings, if any, in U.S. federal, state and local income tax or foreign or franchise tax that the corporate taxpayers realize as a result of these increases in tax basis and, in limited cases, transfers or prior increases in tax basis. The corporate taxpayers expect to benefit from the remaining 15% of cash tax savings, if any, in income tax they realize. Payments under the tax receivable agreement will be based on the tax reporting positions that the Partnership will determine. The corporate taxpayers will not be reimbursed for any payments previously made under the tax receivable agreement if a tax basis increase is successfully challenged by the Internal Revenue Service.
The Partnership records an increase in deferred tax assets for the estimated income tax effects of the increases in tax basis based on enacted federal and state tax rates at the date of the exchange. To the extent that the Partnership estimates that the corporate taxpayers will not realize the full benefit represented by the deferred tax asset, based on an analysis that will consider, among other things, its expectation of future earnings, the Partnership will reduce the deferred tax asset with a valuation allowance and will assess the probability that the related liability owed under the tax receivable agreement will be paid. The Partnership records 85% of the estimated realizable tax benefit (which is the recorded deferred tax asset less any recorded valuation allowance) as an increase to the liability due under the tax receivable agreement, which is included in due to affiliates in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements. The remaining 15% of the estimated realizable tax benefit is initially recorded as an increase to the Partnership’s partners’ capital.

All of the effects to the deferred tax asset of changes in any of the Partnership’s estimates after the tax year of the exchange will be reflected in the provision for income taxes. Similarly, the effect of subsequent changes in the enacted tax rates will be reflected in the provision for income taxes.

Non-controlling Interests
Non-controlling interests in consolidated entities represent the component of equity in consolidated entities held by third-party investors. These interests are adjusted for general partner allocations and by subscriptions and redemptions in hedge funds which occur during the reporting period. Any change in ownership of a subsidiary while the controlling financial interest is

14

The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


retained is accounted for as an equity transaction between the controlling and non-controlling interests. Transaction costs incurred in connection with such changes in ownership of a subsidiary are recorded as a direct charge to partners’ capital.
Prior to January 1, 2016, non-controlling interests related to hedge funds were subject to quarterly or monthly redemption by investors in these funds following the expiration of a specified period of time, or were withdrawn subject to a redemption fee during the period when capital could not be withdrawn. As limited partners in these types of funds have been granted redemption rights, amounts relating to third-party interests in such consolidated funds were presented as redeemable non-controlling interests in consolidated entities within the condensed consolidated balance sheets. When redeemable amounts became contractually payable to investors, they were classified as a liability and included in other liabilities of Consolidated Funds in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. As a result of the adoption of the new consolidation guidance on January 1, 2016, the Partnership deconsolidated certain hedge funds that were previously consolidated and redeemable non-controlling interests in consolidated entities do not include any third-party interests from such hedge funds. Therefore, at September 30, 2016 , redeemable non-controlling interests in consolidated entities now solely represent ownership interests in consolidated subsidiaries which are redeemable and not owned by the Partnership.
Non-controlling interests in Carlyle Holdings relate to the ownership interests of the other limited partners of the Carlyle Holdings partnerships. The Partnership, through wholly-owned subsidiaries, is the sole general partner of Carlyle Holdings.  Accordingly, the Partnership consolidates Carlyle Holdings into its consolidated financial statements, and the other ownership interests in Carlyle Holdings are reflected as non-controlling interests in the Partnership’s condensed consolidated financial statements. Any change to the Partnership’s ownership interest in Carlyle Holdings while it retains the controlling financial interest in Carlyle Holdings is accounted for as a transaction within partners’ capital as a reallocation of ownership interests in Carlyle Holdings.
Earnings Per Common Unit
The Partnership computes earnings per common unit in accordance with ASC 260, Earnings Per Share (“ASC 260”) . Basic earnings per common unit is calculated by dividing net income (loss) attributable to the common units of the Partnership by the weighted-average number of common units outstanding for the period. Diluted earnings per common unit reflects the assumed conversion of all dilutive securities. Net income (loss) attributable to the common units excludes net income (loss) and dividends attributable to any participating securities under the two-class method of ASC 260.
Investments
Investments include (i) the Partnership’s ownership interests (typically general partner interests) in the Funds, (ii) strategic investments made by the Partnership (both of which are accounted for as equity method investments), (iii) the investments held by the Consolidated Funds (which are presented at fair value in the Partnership’s condensed consolidated financial statements), and (iv) certain credit-oriented investments, including investments in the CLOs (which are accounted for as trading securities).
The valuation procedures utilized for investments of the Funds vary depending on the nature of the investment. The fair value of investments in publicly-traded securities is based on the closing price of the security with adjustments to reflect appropriate discounts if the securities are subject to restrictions.
The fair value of non-equity securities or other investments, which may include instruments that are not listed on an exchange, considers, among other factors, external pricing sources, such as dealer quotes or independent pricing services, recent trading activity or other information that, in the opinion of the Partnership, may not have been reflected in pricing obtained from external sources.
When valuing private securities or assets without readily determinable market prices, the Partnership gives consideration to operating results, financial condition, economic and/or market events, recent sales prices and other pertinent information. These valuation procedures may vary by investment, but include such techniques as comparable public market valuation, comparable acquisition valuation and discounted cash flow analysis. Because of the inherent uncertainty, these estimated values may differ significantly from the values that would have been used had a ready market for the investments existed, and it is reasonably possible that the difference could be material. Furthermore, there is no assurance that, upon liquidation, the Partnership will realize the values presented herein.
Upon the sale of a security or other investment, the realized net gain or loss is computed on a weighted average cost basis, with the exception of the investments held by the CLOs, which compute the realized net gain or loss on a first in, first out basis. Securities transactions are recorded on a trade date basis.

15

The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


Equity Method Investments
The Partnership accounts for all investments in which it has or is otherwise presumed to have significant influence, including investments in the unconsolidated Funds and strategic investments, using the equity method of accounting. The carrying value of equity method investments is determined based on amounts invested by the Partnership, adjusted for the equity in earnings or losses of the investee allocated based on the respective partnership agreement, less distributions received. The Partnership evaluates its equity method investments for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts of such investments may not be recoverable.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents include cash held at banks and cash held for distributions, including temporary investments with original maturities of less than three months when purchased.
Cash and Cash Equivalents Held at Consolidated Funds
Cash and cash equivalents held at Consolidated Funds consists of cash and cash equivalents held by the Consolidated Funds, which, although not legally restricted, is not available to fund the general liquidity needs of the Partnership.
Restricted Cash
Restricted cash at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 primarily represents cash held by the Partnership’s foreign subsidiaries due to certain government regulatory capital requirements.
 
Restricted Cash and Securities of Consolidated Funds
Certain CLOs receive cash from various counterparties to satisfy collateral requirements on derivative transactions or hold U.S. Treasury notes and corporate bonds as collateral for specific classes of loans payable in the CLOs. Cash and securities held to satisfy these collateral requirements of $18.4 million is included in restricted cash and securities of Consolidated Funds at December 31, 2015 . As of September 30, 2016 , none of the consolidated CLOs held such cash or securities.
Corporate Treasury Investments
Corporate treasury investments represent investments in U.S. Treasury and government agency obligations, commercial paper, certificates of deposit, other investment grade securities and other investments with original maturities of greater than three months when purchased. These investments are accounted for as trading securities in which changes in the fair value of each investment are recorded through investment income (loss). Any interest earned on debt investments is recorded through interest and other income.
Derivative Instruments
The Partnership uses derivative instruments primarily to reduce its exposure to changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Derivative instruments are recognized at fair value in the condensed consolidated balance sheets with changes in fair value recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations for all derivatives not designated as hedging instruments. For all derivatives where hedge accounting is applied, effectiveness testing and other procedures to assess the ongoing validity of the hedges are performed at least quarterly. For instruments designated as cash flow hedges, the Partnership records changes in the estimated fair value of the derivative, to the extent that the hedging relationship is effective, in other comprehensive income (loss). If the hedging relationship for a derivative is determined to be ineffective, due to changes in the hedging instrument or the hedged items, the fair value of the portion of the hedging relationship determined to be ineffective will be recognized as a gain or loss in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Fixed Assets
Fixed assets consist of furniture, fixtures and equipment, leasehold improvements, and computer hardware and software and are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation is recognized on a straight-line method over the assets’ estimated useful lives, which for leasehold improvements are the lesser of the lease terms or the life of the asset, and three to seven years for other fixed assets. Fixed assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable.

16

The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


Intangible Assets and Goodwill
The Partnership’s intangible assets consist of acquired contractual rights to earn future fee income, including management and advisory fees, customer relationships, and acquired trademarks. Finite-lived intangible assets are amortized over their estimated useful lives, which range from five to ten years, and are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable. The Partnership’s intangible assets include acquired contractual rights for fee income related to open-ended funds.  Open-ended funds are subject to redemptions on a quarterly or more frequent basis and investors can generally decide to exit their fund investments at any time.  The resulting inherent volatility in fee income derived from these contractual rights increases the degree of judgment and estimates used by management in evaluating such intangible assets for impairment.  Actual results could differ from management’s estimates and assumptions and such differences could result in a material impairment.
Goodwill represents the excess of cost over the identifiable net assets of businesses acquired and is recorded in the functional currency of the acquired entity. Goodwill is recognized as an asset and is reviewed for impairment annually as of October 1st and between annual tests when events and circumstances indicate that impairment may have occurred.
Deferred Revenue
Deferred revenue represents management fees and other revenue received prior to the balance sheet date, which has not yet been earned.
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The Partnership’s accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) is comprised of unrealized gains and losses on cash flow hedges, foreign currency translation adjustments and gains and losses on defined benefit plans sponsored by AlpInvest. The components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 were as follows:
 
 
As of
 
September 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
(Dollars in millions)
Unrealized losses on cash flow hedge instruments
$

 
$
(0.5
)
Currency translation adjustments
(84.6
)
 
(87.9
)
Unrealized losses on defined benefit plans
(1.4
)
 
(1.7
)
Total
$
(86.0
)
 
$
(90.1
)
Foreign Currency Translation
Non-U.S. dollar denominated assets and liabilities are translated at period-end rates of exchange, and the condensed consolidated statements of operations are translated at rates of exchange in effect throughout the period. Foreign currency (gains) losses resulting from transactions outside of the functional currency of an entity of $(7.9) million and $(9.9) million for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively, and $(30.8) million and $8.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively, are included in general, administrative and other expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements

I n August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230) - Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments . ASU 2016-15 clarifies the classification of several discrete cash flow issues, including the treatment of cash distributions from equity method investments. The guidance is effective for the Partnership on January 1, 2018 and ASU 2016-15 requires the guidance to be applied using a retrospective transition method. Early adoption is permitted, provided that all of the amendments for all of the topics are adopted in the same period. The Partnership is currently assessing the potential impact of this guidance to its consolidated statements of cash flows.
    

17

The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Accounting for Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326) . ASU 2016-13    requires an organization to measure all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. Currently, GAAP requires an "incurred loss" methodology that delays recognition until it is probable a loss has been incurred. Under the new standard, the allowance for credit losses must be deducted from the amortized cost of the financial asset to present the net amount expected to be collected. The income statement will reflect the measurement of credit losses for newly recognized financial assets as well as the expected increases or decreases of expected credit losses that have taken place during the period. This provision of the guidance requires a modified retrospective transition method and will result in a cumulative-effect adjustment in retained earnings upon adoption. This guidance is effective for the Partnership on January 1, 2020 and early adoption is permitted. The Partnership is currently assessing the potential impact of this guidance.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-9, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting . ASU 2016-9 changes certain aspects of accounting for share-based payments to employees. ASU 2016-9 requires the income tax effects of awards to be recognized through the income statement when the awards vest or are settled. Currently, an entity must determine for each award whether the difference between the deduction for tax purposes and the compensation cost recognized for financial reporting purposes results in either an excess tax benefit or a tax deficiency. Excess tax benefits have been recognized in partners’ capital, while tax deficiencies have been recognized as an offset to accumulated excess tax benefits or in the income statement. Under ASU 2016-9, all excess tax benefits and tax deficiencies are required to be recognized as income tax benefit or expense in the income statement. This provision of the guidance is required to be applied prospectively. Additionally, ASU 2016-9 allows an employer to withhold employee shares upon vest up to maximum statutory tax rates without causing an award to be classified as a liability. This provision of the guidance requires a modified retrospective transition method. Finally, the current equity-based compensation guidance requires cost to be measured based on the number of awards that are expected to vest. Under ASU 2016-9, an accounting policy election can be made to either estimate the number of awards that are expected to vest or account for forfeitures when they occur. This provision of the guidance requires a modified retrospective transition method and will result in a cumulative-effect adjustment in retained earnings upon adoption. This guidance is effective for the Partnership on January 1, 2017 and the Partnership plans to adopt this guidance on that date. The Partnership is currently assessing the impact of this guidance and the Partnership does not expect it to have a material impact on the financial statements upon adoption.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-2, Leases (Topic 842) . ASU 2016-2 requires lessees to recognize virtually all of their leases on the balance sheet, by recording a right-of-use asset and a lease liability. The lease liability will be measured at the present value of lease payments and the right-of-use asset will be based on the lease liability value, subject to adjustments. Leases can be classified as either operating leases or finance leases. Operating leases will result in straight-line lease expense, while finance leases will result in front-loaded expense. This guidance is effective for the Partnership on January 1, 2019 and ASU 2016-2 requires the guidance to be applied using a modified retrospective method. Early adoption is permitted. The Partnership is currently assessing the potential impact of this guidance, however, the Partnership's total assets and total liabilities on its consolidated balance sheet will increase upon adoption of this guidance.

In May 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-7, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820) - Disclosures for Investments in Certain Entities That Calculate Net Asset Value per Share (or Its Equivalent) . ASU 2015-7 provides amended guidance on the disclosures for investments in certain entities that calculate NAV per share (or its equivalent). The amendments remove the requirement to categorize within the fair value hierarchy all investments for which fair value is measured using the NAV per share practical expedient. The amendments also remove the requirement to make certain disclosures for all investments that are eligible to be measured at fair value using the NAV per share practical expedient. Rather, those disclosures are limited to investments for which the entity has elected to measure the fair value using that practical expedient. The guidance was effective for the Partnership on January 1, 2016 and the guidance required adoption to be applied on a retrospective basis. The Partnership adopted this guidance on January 1, 2016 and has revised its prior period fair value disclosures accordingly (see Note 3).

On April 7, 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-3, Interest - Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30) - Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs . ASU 2015-3 requires debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts and premiums. This guidance was effective for the Partnership on January 1, 2016 and the guidance required adoption to be applied on a retrospective basis. The Partnership adopted this guidance on January 1, 2016 and reclassified approximately $ 9.4 million of debt issuance costs from deposits and other assets to debt obligations on its December 31, 2015 condensed consolidated balance sheet.

18

The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)



In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-9, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) . ASU 2014-9 provides comprehensive guidance for recognizing revenue from contracts with customers. Entities will be able to recognize revenue when the entity transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The guidance includes a five-step framework that requires an entity to: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer, (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract, (iii) determine the transaction price, (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract, and (v) recognize revenue when the entity satisfies a performance obligation. The guidance in ASU 2014-9 is effective for the Partnership beginning on January 1, 2018, and the Partnership plans to adopt this guidance on that date. The Partnership is still assessing the potential impact of this guidance, however, this may have a material impact on the Partnership’s consolidated financial statements by significantly delaying the recognition of performance fee revenue.  

3. Fair Value Measurement
The fair value measurement accounting guidance establishes a hierarchal disclosure framework which ranks the observability of market price inputs used in measuring financial instruments at fair value. The observability of inputs is impacted by a number of factors, including the type of financial instrument, the characteristics specific to the financial instrument and the state of the marketplace, including the existence and transparency of transactions between market participants. Financial instruments with readily available quoted prices, or for which fair value can be measured from quoted prices in active markets, will generally have a higher degree of market price observability and a lesser degree of judgment applied in determining fair value.
Financial instruments measured and reported at fair value are classified and disclosed based on the observability of inputs used in the determination of fair values, as follows:
Level I – inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices available in active markets for identical instruments as of the reporting date. The type of financial instruments included in Level I include unrestricted securities, including equities and derivatives, listed in active markets. The Partnership does not adjust the quoted price for these instruments, even in situations where the Partnership holds a large position and a sale could reasonably impact the quoted price.
Level II – inputs to the valuation methodology are other than quoted prices in active markets, which are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reporting date. The type of financial instruments in this category includes less liquid and restricted securities listed in active markets, securities traded in other than active markets, government and agency securities, and certain over-the-counter derivatives where the fair value is based on observable inputs.
Level III – inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to overall fair value measurement. The inputs into the determination of fair value require significant management judgment or estimation. Financial instruments that are included in this category include investments in privately-held entities, non-investment grade residual interests in securitizations, collateralized loan obligations, and certain over-the-counter derivatives where the fair value is based on unobservable inputs.
In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, the determination of which category within the fair value hierarchy is appropriate for any given financial instrument is based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Partnership’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment and considers factors specific to the financial instrument.
In certain cases, debt and equity securities are valued on the basis of prices from an orderly transaction between market participants provided by reputable dealers or pricing services. In determining the value of a particular investment, pricing services may use certain information with respect to transactions in such investments, quotations from dealers, pricing matrices, market transactions in comparable investments and various relationships between investments.
 

19

The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


The following table summarizes the Partnership’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis by the above fair value hierarchy levels as of September 30, 2016 :
(Dollars in millions)
Level I
 
Level II
 
Level III
 
Total
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investments of Consolidated Funds:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity securities
$

 
$

 
$
10.5

 
$
10.5

Bonds

 

 
396.4

 
396.4

Loans

 

 
2,982.3

 
2,982.3

Other

 

 
1.7

 
1.7

 

 

 
3,390.9

 
3,390.9

Investments in CLOs and other

 

 
157.3

 
157.3

Corporate treasury investments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bonds

 
55.1

 

 
55.1

Commercial paper and other

 
40.0

 

 
40.0

 

 
95.1

 

 
95.1

Foreign currency forward contracts

 
0.1

 

 
0.1

Total
$

 
$
95.2

 
$
3,548.2

 
$
3,643.4

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loans payable of Consolidated Funds (1)
$

 
$

 
$
3,253.4

 
$
3,253.4

Contingent consideration (2)

 

 
11.4

 
11.4

Loans payable of a consolidated real estate VIE

 

 
88.9

 
88.9

Foreign currency forward contracts

 
19.9

 

 
19.9

Total
$

 
$
19.9

 
$
3,353.7

 
$
3,373.6

 
(1)
Senior and subordinated notes issued by CLO vehicles are classified based on the more observable fair value of the CLO financial assets, less (i) the fair value of any beneficial interests held by the Partnership and (ii) the carrying value of any beneficial interests that represent compensation for services.
(2)
Related to contingent cash and equity consideration associated with the Partnership's acquisitions, excluding employment-based contingent consideration (see Note 8).

20

The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


The following table summarizes the Partnership’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis by the above fair value hierarchy levels as of December 31, 2015 :
 
(Dollars in millions)
Level I
 
Level II
 
Level III
 
Total
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investments of Consolidated Funds:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity securities
$
254.6

 
$
311.8

 
$
575.3

 
$
1,141.7

Bonds

 

 
1,180.9

 
1,180.9

Loans

 

 
15,686.7

 
15,686.7

Partnership and LLC interests (1)

 

 
59.6

 
3,143.3

Hedge funds (1)

 

 

 
2,841.2

Other

 

 
5.0

 
5.0

 
254.6

 
311.8

 
17,507.5

 
23,998.8

Trading securities

 

 
1.4

 
1.4

Foreign currency forward contracts

 
1.7

 

 
1.7

Restricted securities of Consolidated Funds
7.9

 

 
8.7

 
16.6

Total
$
262.5

 
$
313.5

 
$
17,517.6

 
$
24,018.5

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loans payable of Consolidated Funds
$

 
$

 
$
17,046.7

 
$
17,046.7

Derivative instruments of the CLOs

 

 
29.1

 
29.1

Contingent consideration (2)

 

 
20.8

 
20.8

Loans payable of a consolidated real estate VIE

 

 
75.4

 
75.4

Interest rate swaps

 
0.9

 

 
0.9

Foreign currency forward contracts

 
2.8

 

 
2.8

Total
$

 
$
3.7

 
$
17,172.0

 
$
17,175.7

 
(1)
Certain investments that are measured at fair value using the net asset value per share (or its equivalent) practical expedient have not been classified in the fair value hierarchy. The fair value amounts presented in this table are intended to permit reconciliation of the fair value hierarchy to the amounts presented in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
(2)
Related to contingent cash and equity consideration associated with the Partnership's acquisitions, excluding employment-based contingent consideration (see Note 8).
 
There were no transfers from Level II to Level I during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 . Transfers from Level II to Level I during the nine months ended September 30, 2015 were due to the expiration of transferability restrictions on certain equity securities of Consolidated Funds that were previously classified as Level II.

Investment professionals with responsibility for the underlying investments are responsible for preparing the investment valuations pursuant to the policies, methodologies and templates prepared by the Partnership’s valuation group, which is a team made up of dedicated valuation professionals reporting to the Partnership’s chief accounting officer. The valuation group is responsible for maintaining the Partnership’s valuation policy and related guidance, templates and systems that are designed to be consistent with the guidance found in ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement . These valuations, inputs and preliminary conclusions are reviewed by the fund accounting teams. The valuations are then reviewed and approved by the respective fund valuation subcommittees, which are comprised of the respective fund head(s), segment head, chief financial officer and chief accounting officer, as well as members of the valuation group. The valuation group compiles the aggregate results and significant matters and presents them for review and approval by the global valuation committee, which is comprised of the Partnership’s co-chief executive officers, president and chief operating officer, chief risk officer, chief financial officer, chief accounting officer, deputy chief investment officers for Corporate Private Equity, the business segment heads, and observed by the chief compliance officer, the director of internal audit and the Partnership’s audit committee. Additionally, each quarter a sample of valuations are reviewed by external valuation firms.
In the absence of observable market prices, the Partnership values its investments using valuation methodologies applied on a consistent basis. For some investments little market activity may exist. Management’s determination of fair value is then based

21

The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


on the best information available in the circumstances and may incorporate management’s own assumptions and involves a significant degree of judgment, taking into consideration a combination of internal and external factors, including the appropriate risk adjustments for non-performance and liquidity risks. Investments for which market prices are not observable include private investments in the equity of operating companies and real estate properties, and certain debt positions. The valuation technique for each of these investments is described below:
Private Equity and Real Estate Investments – The fair values of private equity investments are determined by reference to projected net earnings, earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”), the discounted cash flow method, public market or private transactions, valuations for comparable companies or sales of comparable assets, and other measures which, in many cases, are unaudited at the time received. The methods used to estimate the fair value of real estate investments include the discounted cash flow method and/or capitalization rate (“cap rate”) analysis. Valuations may be derived by reference to observable valuation measures for comparable companies or transactions (e.g., applying a key performance metric of the investment such as EBITDA or net operating income to a relevant valuation multiple or cap rate observed in the range of comparable companies or transactions), adjusted by management for differences between the investment and the referenced comparables, and in some instances by reference to option pricing models or other similar models. Adjustments to observable valuation measures are frequently made upon the initial investment to calibrate the initial investment valuation to industry observable inputs. Such adjustments are made to align the investment to observable industry inputs for differences in size, profitability, projected growth rates, geography and capital structure if applicable. The adjustments are reviewed with each subsequent valuation to assess how the investment has evolved relative to the observable inputs. Additionally, the investment may be subject to certain specific risks and/or development milestones which are also taken into account in the valuation assessment. Option pricing models and similar tools do not currently drive a significant portion of private equity or real estate valuations and are used primarily to value warrants, derivatives, certain restrictions and other atypical investment instruments.
Credit-Oriented Investments – The fair values of credit-oriented investments (including corporate treasury investments) are generally determined on the basis of prices between market participants provided by reputable dealers or pricing services. In determining the value of a particular investment, pricing services may use certain information with respect to transactions in such investments, quotations from dealers, pricing matrices, market transactions in comparable investments and various relationships between investments. Specifically, for investments in distressed debt and corporate loans and bonds, the fair values are generally determined by valuations of comparable investments. In some instances, the Partnership may utilize other valuation techniques, including the discounted cash flow method.

CLO Investments and CLO Loans Payable – Prior to January 1, 2016, the Partnership elected the fair value option to measure the assets and liabilities of the Partnership's consolidated CLOs. The Partnership accounted for the difference between the fair value of the assets and the fair value of the liabilities of the Partnership's consolidated CLOs in net investment gains (losses) of consolidated funds in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. This amount was attributed to the Partnership and third party beneficial interest holders based on each beneficial interest holder's residual interest in the consolidated CLOs. The amount attributed to third party beneficial interest holders was reflected in the condensed consolidated statements of operations in net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests in consolidated entities and in the condensed consolidated statements of financial position in partners' capital appropriated for consolidated funds. The amount was recorded as appropriated partners' capital since the other holders of the CLOs' beneficial interests, not the Partnership, received the benefits, or absorbed the losses, associated with their proportionate share of the CLOs' assets and liabilities.

On January 1, 2016, the Partnership adopted ASU 2014-13 (concurrently with the adoption of ASU 2015-2) and elected to measure the financial liabilities of its consolidated CLOs based on the fair value of the financial assets of its consolidated CLOs, as the Partnership believes the fair value of the financial assets are more observable. As a result of the adoption of ASU 2014-13, the Partnership recorded a cumulative effect adjustment to partners' capital on January 1, 2016 to adjust the previous measurement of its consolidated CLOs' financial liabilities to the new measurement guidance.
The fair values of the CLO loan and bond assets are primarily based on quotations from reputable dealers or relevant pricing services. In situations where valuation quotations are unavailable, the assets are valued based on similar securities, market index changes, and other factors. The Partnership corroborates quotations from pricing services either with other available pricing data or with its own models. Generally, the loan and bond assets of the CLOs are not actively traded and are classified as Level III. The fair values of the CLO structured asset positions are determined based on both discounted cash flow analyses and third party quotes. Those analyses consider the position size, liquidity, current financial condition of the CLOs, the third party financing environment, reinvestment rates, recovery lags, discount rates and default forecasts and are compared to broker quotations from market makers and third party dealers.

22

The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


For periods prior to January 1, 2016, the fair values of the CLO loans payable were determined based on both discounted cash flow analyses and third-party quotes. Those analyses considered the position size, liquidity, current financial condition of the CLOs, the third-party financing environment, reinvestment rates, recovery lags, discount rates and default forecasts and were compared to broker quotations from market makers and third party dealers. Effective January 1, 2016, with the adoption of ASU 2014-13, the Partnership measures the CLO loan payables held by third party beneficial interest holders on the basis of the fair value of the financial assets of the CLO and the beneficial interests held by the Partnership. The Partnership continues to measure the CLO loans payable that it holds at fair value based on both discounted cash flow analyses and third-party quotes, as described above.
Loans Payable of a Consolidated Real Estate VIE – The Partnership has elected the fair value option to measure the loans payable of a consolidated real estate VIE at fair value. The fair values of the loans are primarily based on discounted cash flows analyses, which consider the liquidity and current financial condition of the consolidated real estate VIE. These loans are classified as Level III.
Fund Investments – The Partnership’s investments in external funds are valued based on its proportionate share of the net assets provided by the third party general partners of the underlying fund partnerships based on the most recent available information which typically has a lag of up to 90 days . The terms of the investments generally preclude the ability to redeem the investment. Distributions from these investments will be received as the underlying assets in the funds are liquidated, the timing of which cannot be readily determined.
The changes in financial instruments measured at fair value for which the Partnership has used Level III inputs to determine fair value are as follows (Dollars in millions):
 
Financial Assets
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2016
 
Investments of Consolidated Funds
 
 
 
 
 
Equity
securities
 
Bonds
 
Loans
 
Other
 
Investments in CLOs and other
 
Total
Balance, beginning of period
$
11.9

 
$
407.8

 
$
2,933.1

 
$
0.1

 
$
152.7

 
$
3,505.6

Purchases

 
45.3

 
352.0

 

 
1.0

 
398.3

Sales
0.1

 
(66.3
)
 
(122.0
)
 

 
(2.2
)
 
(190.4
)
Settlements

 

 
(220.7
)
 

 

 
(220.7
)
Realized and unrealized gains (losses), net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Included in earnings
(1.5
)
 
4.1

 
18.4

 
1.6

 
8.7

 
31.3

Included in other comprehensive income

 
5.5

 
21.5

 

 
(2.9
)
 
24.1

Balance, end of period
$
10.5

 
$
396.4

 
$
2,982.3

 
$
1.7

 
$
157.3

 
$
3,548.2

Changes in unrealized gains
(losses) included in earnings
related to financial assets still
held at the reporting date
$
(1.3
)
 
$
3.5

 
$
15.7

 
$
0.3

 
$
8.4

 
$
26.6





23

The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


 
Financial Assets
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016
 
Investments of Consolidated Funds
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity
securities
 
Bonds
 
Loans
 
Partnership
and LLC
interests
(2)
 
Other
 
Investments in CLOs and other
 
Restricted
securities of
Consolidated
Funds
Total
Balance, beginning of period
$
575.3

 
$
1,180.9

 
$
15,686.7

 
$
59.6

 
$
5.0

 
$
1.4

 
$
8.7

 
$
17,517.6

Deconsolidation of funds (1)
(562.1
)
 
(890.7
)
 
(13,506.9
)
 
(74.3
)
 
(5.0
)
 
123.8

 
(8.7
)
 
(14,923.9
)
Purchases
11.1

 
194.3

 
1,490.0

 
12.4

 

 
25.9

 

 
1,733.7

Sales
(5.1
)
 
(103.6
)
 
(249.9
)
 

 

 
(6.4
)
 

 
(365.0
)
Settlements

 

 
(516.9
)
 

 

 

 

 
(516.9
)
Realized and unrealized
gains (losses), net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Included in earnings
(9.0
)
 
5.9

 
42.3

 
2.3

 
1.7

 
26.9

 

 
70.1

Included in other comprehensive income
0.3

 
9.6

 
37.0

 

 

 
(14.3
)
 

 
32.6

Balance, end of period
$
10.5

 
$
396.4

 
$
2,982.3

 
$

 
$
1.7

 
$
157.3

 
$

 
$
3,548.2

Changes in unrealized gains (losses) included in earnings related to financial assets still held at the reporting date
$
(7.0
)

$
5.1


$
36.6


$


$
1.8


$
26.9


$


$
63.4

 

 
Financial Assets
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2015
 
Investments of Consolidated Funds
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity
securities
 
Bonds
 
Loans
 
Partnership
and LLC
interests
(2)
 
Other
 
Trading
securities and
other
 
Restricted securities of Consolidated Funds
 
Total
Balance, beginning of period
$
1,023.8

 
$
1,193.7

 
$
15,460.9

 
$

 
$
4.0

 
$
2.0

 
$
8.7

 
$
17,693.1

Transfers out (3)
(115.1
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(115.1
)
Purchases
32.6

 
177.8

 
2,948.7

 

 

 

 

 
3,159.1

Sales
(21.0
)
 
(117.1
)
 
(1,543.2
)
 

 

 

 

 
(1,681.3
)
Settlements

 

 
(1,195.6
)
 

 

 

 

 
(1,195.6
)
Realized and unrealized gains (losses), net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Included in earnings
11.1

 
(27.7
)
 
(204.7
)
 

 
(0.7
)
 
(0.4
)
 

 
(222.4
)
Included in other comprehensive income
24.6

 
2.5

 
16.1

 

 

 

 

 
43.2

Balance, end of period
$
956.0

 
$
1,229.2

 
$
15,482.2

 
$

 
$
3.3

 
$
1.6

 
$
8.7

 
$
17,681.0

Changes in unrealized gains (losses) included in earnings related to financial assets still held at the reporting date
$
3.3

 
$
(24.9
)
 
$
(199.8
)
 
$

 
$
(0.7
)
 
$
(0.1
)
 
$

 
$
(222.2
)

 

24

The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


 
Financial Assets
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015
 
Investments of Consolidated Funds
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity
securities
 
Bonds
 
Loans
 
Partnership
and LLC 
interests
(2)
 
Other
 
Trading
securities and
other
 
Restricted securities of Consolidated Funds
 
Total
Balance, beginning of period
$
1,968.5

 
$
1,235.8

 
$
15,084.9

 
$

 
$
1.5

 
$
3.3

 
$
8.6

 
$
18,302.6

Transfers out (3)
(115.1
)
 

 

 

 

 

 
(3.9
)
 
(119.0
)
Purchases
60.6

 
403.2

 
6,223.0

 

 

 

 
3.9

 
6,690.7

Sales
(1,043.3
)
 
(324.9
)
 
(2,682.1
)
 

 

 

 

 
(4,050.3
)
Settlements

 

 
(2,693.1
)
 

 

 

 

 
(2,693.1
)
Realized and unrealized gains (losses), net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Included in earnings
261.0

 
(4.4
)
 
(88.3
)
 

 
1.9

 
(1.7
)
 
0.1

 
168.6

Included in other comprehensive income
(175.7
)
 
(80.5
)
 
(362.2
)
 

 
(0.1
)
 

 

 
(618.5
)
Balance, end of period
$
956.0

 
$
1,229.2

 
$
15,482.2

 
$

 
$
3.3

 
$
1.6

 
$
8.7

 
$
17,681.0

Changes in unrealized gains (losses) included in earnings related to financial assets still held at the reporting date
$
(299.2
)
 
$
(4.9
)
 
$
(112.7
)
 
$

 
$
2.1

 
$
(1.4
)
 
$
(0.1
)
 
$
(416.2
)
 
(1)
As a result of the adoption of ASU 2015-2 and the deconsolidation of certain CLOs on January 1, 2016, $ 123.8 million of investments that the Partnership held in those CLOs are no longer eliminated in consolidation and are now included in investments in CLOs and other for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 .
(2)
As a result of the retrospective adoption of ASU 2015-7, the beginning balance of Partnership and LLC interests that are measured at fair value using the NAV per share practical expedient have been revised to reflect their exclusion from the fair value hierarchy.
(3)
Transfers into and out of Level III financial assets were due to changes in the observability of market inputs used in the valuation of such assets. Transfers are measured as of the beginning of the period in which the transfer occurs.

 
Financial Liabilities
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2016
 
Loans Payable
of Consolidated
Funds
 
Derivative
Instruments of
Consolidated
Funds
 
Contingent
Consideration
 
Loans Payable of
a consolidated
real estate VIE
 
Total
Balance, beginning of period
$
3,284.7

 
$
0.3

 
$
25.0

 
$
81.7

 
$
3,391.7

Initial consolidation of funds

 

 

 

 

Borrowings
26.4

 

 

 

 
26.4

Paydowns
(99.0
)
 

 
(10.0
)
 
(10.4
)
 
(119.4
)
Sales

 
(1.7
)
 

 

 
(1.7
)
Realized and unrealized (gains) losses, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Included in earnings
15.8

 
1.4

 
(3.7
)
 
7.1

 
20.6

Included in other comprehensive income
25.5

 

 
0.1

 
10.5

 
36.1

Balance, end of period
$
3,253.4

 
$

 
$
11.4

 
$
88.9

 
$
3,353.7

Changes in unrealized (gains) losses included in earnings related to financial liabilities still held at the reporting date
$
19.5

 
$

 
$
0.1

 
$
7.1

 
$
26.7



25

The Carlyle Group L.P.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


 
Financial Liabilities
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016
 
Loans Payable
of Consolidated
Funds
 
Derivative
Instruments of
Consolidated
Funds
 
Contingent
Consideration
 
Loans Payable of
a consolidated
real estate VIE
 
Total
Balance, beginning of period
$
17,046.7

 
$
29.1

 
$
20.8

 
$
75.4

 
$
17,172.0

Initial consolidation /
deconsolidation of funds
(14,221.3
)
 
(29.0
)
 

 

 
(14,250.3
)
Borrowings
671.1

 

 

 

 
671.1

Paydowns
(331.4
)